Before the era of IVF (In Vitro Fertilization), these infertile couples would never have a chance to enjoy all the stages of pregnancy, delivery, motherhood and parenting. There are some the cases, which are put in the bracket of unexplained infertility. Even these couples can now be benefited with IVF. The scenario now of fertility management by IVF is that every childless couple could get a chance to conceive by various methods available for treatment.
Overviewing An IVF
IVF is a state of Assisted Reproduction Technique (ART) where in most of the cases, it is possible to give a genetic baby, meaning the gametes i.e. sperms and eggs are from husband and wife wishing to conceive.
There are several controversies in the treatment of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), especially when it is considered for Indian scenario. The argument that is given is that India has a population which is exploding and in few more years will be first in the list of the world population. It is said that why such treatment of IVF which means making a baby (Embryo) outside of body and placing in body (uterus) should be done at all?
This argument seems to be without sympathy as there are people who have many children against some who have no child at all. So, the equation cannot be same in both the situations. Even the infertile couple has the same and equal desire to have a baby, and it is a human right which has to be nurtured and tackled. The question now is why IVF?
Trends in Fertility Examinations
In this modern era, after the prologue of ART, the investigation for the cause of infertility is become somewhat easier compare to the bygone era.
For the investigation of male factor. we have now apart from clinical examination and array of hormonal testing some more specific criteria suited for today’s sample of semen analysis, Doppler and sonographical study for scrotal, medicinal treatments, surgeries and Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ART) in some cases.
In the females, clinical examination, array of hormonal studies, transvaginal sonography- 2D & 3D, Sonosalphingography, Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy procedure and ART are new trends in the infertility treatment.
Infertility Treatments AND Management
The management of male infertility has taken a rocket bound leap. The ART which includes In vitro fertilization (IVF) and Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) are now available for the cases of male infertility, where there are hardly few sperms or no sperm in some cases. Such couples can have a baby by aspirating sperm directly from testis to fertilize oocyte. This was not possible earlier and so ART has now emerged as a boon to the childless couples especially in the cases of male factor infertility.
The treatment of female infertility with IVF was initially brought in to for treating blockage of the tubes. The first IVF baby of the world Lewis Brown was the indication for bilateral tube blocks in her mother. Once this treatment came to the world, it soon caught the fervor and many clinicians all over the world sense the beauty of this treatment.
There are some cases of infertility like blockage of both tubes and severe male problems. In these cases the couple will not be able to conceive naturally. So IVF is boon to such infertile couples. IVF is an indication for female infertility, male infertility, endometriosis, PCOS, tubal blockage and unexplained infertility.
Success Rates of IVF
There is a myth among people that all cases of IVF are having some sort of gamete donation. In fact, in such need of third party reproduction, the concerned couples are counseled and consent is taken for doing sperm donation, egg donation, embryo donation or surrogacy.
The clinicians always try their level best to give the couple their own genetic child and that is the reason so much of training, establishment, equipments and dedication is required whenever IVF is done.
The advances in ART like ICSI, has re-visualized the treatment of male infertility and unexplained infertility .ICSI is the procedure used with very few sperm, for the couple to have a baby.
At Safal, the success rate of IVF treatment was 40% in year 2013-2014.
The Bottom Line,
To conclude, the best and innovative treatments with ART that are available for infertile couples. As human beings are mortals, the only way to continue the legacy will be by continuing the generations & the marathon of mankind can be continued. This marathon is possible only by IVF. IVF is a technique which is highly beneficial & assisting in creation of life. Let us try this treatment and give large number of success to patients seeking treatment for infertility. With the advent of new technologies we can now help patients in a big way and increase the success rate of “Take home Baby”.